Reproduction of a map of the city of Batavia c. Investment in these expeditions was a very high-risk venture, not only because of the usual dangers of piracy, disease and shipwreck, but also because the interplay of inelastic demand and relatively elastic supply  of spices could make prices tumble at just the wrong moment, thereby ruining prospects of profitability. To manage such risk the forming of a cartel to control supply would seem logical. The English had been the first to adopt this approach, by bundling their resources into a monopoly enterprise, the English East India Company in , thereby threatening their Dutch competitors with ruin. For a time in the seventeenth century, they were able to monopolize the trade in nutmeg, mace, and cloves and to sell these spices in Europe and India at fourteen to seventeen times the price they paid in Indonesia;  while Dutch profits soared, the local economy of the Spice Islands was destroyed. With a capital of 6, , guilders ,  the charter of the new company empowered it to build forts, maintain armies, and conclude treaties with Asian rulers. It provided for a venture that would continue for 21 years, with a financial accounting only at the end of each decade. The Governor General effectively became the main administrator of the VOC’s activities in Asia, although the Heeren XVII, a body of 17 shareholders representing different chambers, continued to officially have overall control. Although it was at the centre of the spice production areas, it was far from the Asian trade routes and other VOC areas of activity ranging from Africa to India to Japan.
The differences between English and Dutch
Fish auction in Honolulu , Hawaii There are traditionally four types of auction that are used for the allocation of a single item: English auction , also known as an open ascending price auction. This type of auction is arguably the most common form of auction in use today. Dutch auction also known as an open descending price auction.
Items are allocated based on bid order; the highest bidder selects their item s first followed by the second highest bidder, etc. In a modification, all of the winning participants pay only the last announced price for the items that they bid on.
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Mobile The differences between English and Dutch Introduction: Dutch is part of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is, therefore, closely related to English, German and the Scandinavian languages. Dutch is spoken as a mother tongue by about 23 million people in the Netherlands, parts of Belgium and in the former Dutch colonies. The Dutch generally do not expect foreigners to know their language; they learn and are usually good at learning other languages, particularly English.
This is only partly due to similarities in the languages themselves. It is also due to the pervasiveness of English in the everyday lives of Dutch people. In general, the Dutch do not try to resist the adoption of English words into their language in the way that the French do.
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Dating and relationships are an extremely popular topic for most students! So here’s some idioms about them so you can talk about it even more! The idioms are written at the top.
If some of the posts to Expatica’s discussion forum are anything to go by, dating the Dutch should carry a health warning, writes Cormac Mac Ruairi. Expatriates in the Netherlands aren’t shy about voicing negative opinions concerning romantic encounters with the Dutch. Pages of posts in Expatica’s discussion forums brand Dutch women as rude and aloof.
It would seem they wouldn’t even nudge a foreign Casanova with a barge poll. The problem with Dutch women? Dutch lassies are described as big bummed, hard-nosed, masculine, looks- and money-orientated specimens. They go out in mass and avoid one-on-one dates like the plague. Some would-be lovers bitterly lament: Dutch women here are rude, arrogant and unfriendly. They do not wish to communicate with people outside their own circle of friends.
They have this idea that they are among ‘the most beautiful women upon earth,” according to another. The problems don’t end even when you manage to break down their initial barriers. On the other hand, forget to make a big fuss about their birthday and you’ve dug your own grave.
– Now also in English and Dutch!
This Kraak porcelain dish in a museum in Malacca was emblazoned with the V. Around , two events caused the growth of VOC trade to stall. In the first place, the highly profitable trade with Japan started to decline. The loss of the outpost on Formosa to Koxinga in the Siege of Fort Zeelandia and related internal turmoil in China where the Ming dynasty was being replaced with the Qing dynasty brought an end to the silk trade after The shogunate enacted a number of measures to limit the export of these precious metals, in the process limiting VOC opportunities for trade, and severely worsening the terms of trade.
This caused a spike in the price of pepper, which enticed the English East India Company EIC to enter this market aggressively in the years after
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The capital city of Willemstad has been called ‘Amsterdam of the Carribean,’ owing to the brightly colored, Dutch-style houses. And long after his death, the sun-kissed tropical gem that sits southeast of Aruba and about 40 miles north of Venezuela makes an ideal vacation spot, especially during hurricane season. Yet despite being a Caribbean paradise, many Americans have never heard of the island. Willemstad residents take a break in the shade. No wonder the island hosts more than a million visitors every year — the majority from Europe.
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Prehistory before BC [ edit ] Historical changes to the landscape[ edit ] The prehistory of the area that is now the Netherlands was largely shaped by its constantly shifting, low-lying geography. On display in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden. The area that is now the Netherlands was inhabited by early humans at least 37, years ago, as attested by flint tools discovered in Woerden in After the end of the ice age, various Paleolithic groups inhabited the area.
Another group residing elsewhere is known to have made canoes. The oldest recovered canoe in the world is the Pesse canoe. Autochthonous hunter-gatherers from the Swifterbant culture are attested from around BC onwards. To the west, the same tribes might have built hunting camps to hunt winter game, including seals.
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The only museum in the world dedicated exclusively to the recognition of women in the arts, including a tour of their on-line galleries. A general art museum comprising objects from ancient times to the present, and all cultures, with special emphasis on Chinese art and English ceramics from the 17th century. A regional art museum focusing on contemporary art and traditional western art. Also a hands-on self-guided art-making place in the Discovery Center.
World’s largest collection of original art by Norman Rockwell.
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As always, the truth is somewhere in the middle. Due to my role as the elder statesmen of Expat affairs, albeit an unofficial title the shallow man has received the following request. Do you have any experience in online dating in the Netherlands? Do you recommend it? Of course, in order to make sure that the advice I provide is based on real world experience, I sacrificed myself, and actually joined several dating sites and had a number of dates whose results I shall keep to myself while smiling at my screen.
The things I do for my readers! Here are some of the most useful ones! You should follow the advice in my previous post and follow the herd. The Expatica site is incredibly easy to use and has local sites in a number of countries including my present home, the Netherlands. Registering is easier than than finding a kebab shop in Amsterdam East.
Simply fill out your name, age, email address, and country of origin. Profile tips The first step after registering is to create your profile.
Dutch settlers in the U. Another source of Dutch influence on the English language is through Afrikaans, which in its turn is a Dutch-based creole, e. Look at the following Afrikaans sentence:
Dutch-English online dictionary (Engels-Nederlands woordenboek) developed to help you share your knowledge with others. More information! Links to this dictionary or to .
ReddIt Moving to another country can get challenging: Stress of moving, starting a new study or a job, leaving friends and family behind… who has the stamina? Before you turn to Google or free online dating sites for answers, check these 6 things to know about the Netherlands and dating! So here is our video on flirting in Dutch that will improve your love life here in no time.
The Netherlands and Dating: Windmills, tulips and cheese. The Netherlands is known for many things but what about the Dutch women and men? What do they do, where do they live, what are they like? How to date one? If you are clueless about how or where to find that lucky soul-mate to swipe you off your feet then we have some bad news: Dutch might not be a good choice to chase.
Welcome to the land of logically sensible and romantically realistic folk. Sounds good so far?